Let us understand the science behind the sprinkler system before getting into the sprinkler pipes first. A sprinkler works on the technique of spraying fluids (mainly water) in a controlled fashion similar to the rainfall with the help of a rotating nozzle on the top, joined by perpendicular pipes called laterals on the bottom controlled by valves. When water is released through these pipes, it emerges from the rotating nozzles and gets sprinkled out. This system is applied to irrigate the gardens, crop fields, and golf courses. Sprinklers are also used to put out fires in residential and commercial buildings.
The sprinklers make it possible to irrigate a large area of field using very less amount of water hence helping the environment by saving resources like water and fertilizers. It is an excellent approach to prevent overwatering and underwatering of the fields and enable an even distribution of moisture throughout the designated area.
Sprinkler pipes are the backbone of a sprinkler system. It is extremely important to choose the right size and type of pipes for your sprinkler system because faulty pipes can make or break the entire system. If you choose a pipe with an inadequate diameter than required, it will affect the water flow by reducing the pressure and impair the performance of the sprinkler. Smaller pipes generate more friction and turbulence as the water flow struggles to move through the smaller space. On the other hand, if you pick a pipe with a larger diameter than required, it might be unable to build up enough force to squirt across the expected area of the sprinkler. A well-measured pipe creates an efficient irrigation system that exerts the exact pressure and amount of water needed by the field.
There are two types of pipes that are regularly used in the sprinkler systems. The first type is Polyethylene and the other is PVC pipe.
- Polyethylene pipes are usually black, flexible and are suitable for rocky soil or the climates where the soil is likely to be freezing cold. These pipes can sustain high pressures and is commonly used for residential use. They do not corrode. Polyethelene pipes are rated by the pressurerating of 2.5 kg/cm2 &6 kg/cm2.
- PVC pipes are the white or grey, semi-rigid pipes that work best for the warmer climates. The pipes are also long-lasting, affordable and easy to install. These are noncorrosive and resist salt build-up. It is important to protect PVC pipes from direct sunlight since UV rays harm the pipes and make them brittle over the course of time.
A word of advice from Kasta, a leading sprinkler pipes manufacturer in India that produces versatile high-quality sprinkler products is as follows.
However durable your sprinkler pipes are, it is very important to flush them regularly and treat them with mild chemicals to get rid of any salt deposits. Maintained sprinkler pipes can withstand the varying temperatures and elements quite well and the temperature of your surroundings, volume of the sprinkler, stress and water surges are the factors to be taken into consideration while choosing between the pipes.